Research on Intensive Care Nursing in Turkey: A Descriptive Analysis

Wednesday, 1 August 2012

Betul Tosun, MSc1
Tulay Basak Jr., RN, PhD1
Semra Aciksoz, MsC2
Ozlem Aslan, PhD3
(1)School of Nursing, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, Turkey
(2)Gulhane Military Medical Academy School of Nursing, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, Turkey
(3)Fundamentals of Nursing Department, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, Turkey

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to know the characteristics of researches related to intensive care nursing in Turkey.

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to notice the needs and priorities of research on intensive care nursing in Turkey.

Purpose: Intensive care nursing (ICN) is a special area due to its unique education, practice and research. The care quality and professionalism will be increased if nurses use scientific knowledge in the practice to reduce the risks in intensive care. The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of researches on intensive care nursing in Turkey.

 Methods: The type of this study was retrospective and descriptive. “Turkish Index of Reference Database”, “Turkish Medline Database of National Health Sciences Journals” and “Turkish National Ulakbim Database” were examined by using keyword “intensive care and nursing” between 1996 and 2011. The universe of this research was 122 articles. After discarding repeated articles in these three databases, totally 98 full text accessed articles were the sample. Frequencies and percentages were used to analyze the data in SPSS 15.0 program

 Results: Authors were mostly academic nurses (73.5%).  The number of authors was 2 (38.8%).  Types of the studies were systematic review (34.7%) and research (65.3%). Researches were mostly descriptive studies (51.0%).  Samples were mostly nurses (29.6%) and patients (20.4%). The topics were mostly psychological issues (15.3%), administrative issues (12.2%), hemodynamic parameters and vital signs (8.2%). The proposes of the studies were on “developing nursing care services” (37.8%), “solving management problems and improving work environment” (22.4%) and “designing a larger and different research sample” (12.2%).

Conclusion: This research showed that designs of the ICN researches were mostly descriptive. This conclusion emphasized the need of researches focusing on cause-result connection in Turkey. That the sample was mostly nurses implied that the problems of intensive care nurses were formerly perceived by researchers when compared with intensive care patients in Turkey.