Strategies to Enhance Caring Behaviors in Nursing Students: Taiwanese Experience

Wednesday, 1 August 2012

Man-Hua Shen, MSN, RN
Department of Nursing, Fooyin University, Kaohsiung Hsien, Taiwan
Li-Min Wu, PhD, RN
School of Nursing, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Learning Objective 1: The learners will know that strategies to enhance caring behaviors in nursing students.

Learning Objective 2: The learners will promote the ability of the skills to guide students to care.


Caring is considered the central and fundamental component of holistic nursing practice. In Taiwan, the concept of caring start from 1993 due to higher rates of nurses leaving their jobs. The aim of the caring curriculum was to increase the capacity of the caring behaviors in nursing students in Taiwan. The program involved developing and examining a caring teaching framework for teachers in nursing schools. The purpose of this paper was to evaluate the caring curriculum in the technological university.


Students received a caring program counting 18 weeks. The teaching strategies included lectures, group discussion, role modeling, self and group reflection, diaries, and practice caring behaviors in community. Students were evaluated caring knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors after 18 weeks. Content analysis was used to reach the main descriptions of caring education from nursing students.


 The results indicated nursing students were appreciated with caring curriculum and also reflected caring behaviors to their daily lives.


The findings support the credibility of caring-focused teaching strategies and such focused caring education could help nursing students put caring theory into practice.