Learning Objective 1: Improve the implementation rate of hand washing.
Learning Objective 2: Reduce nosocomial infection rates.
Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of two teaching methods in promoting family caregivers about wash hand knowledge, attitude, behavior and bacteria counting in hand.
Methods: Randomized control trial was designed to compare two teaching methods-- the education with guidance leaflet and the education with the video. Data were collected before and after intervention three days.
Results: The results revealed that both different teaching methods have positive effects on the hand-washing knowledge, attitude, and behaviors. However there are no significantly differences of the improvement of hand-washing knowledge, attitude and behaviors between two teaching methods. Family caregivers received the hand-washing teaching with leaflet has significantly less bacteria counting in hand compared to the other group.
Conclusion: Two teaching methods positively improve the hand-washing knowledge, attitude, and behaviors. Family caregivers received the hand-washing teaching with leaflet has better effects on the hand hygiene. Most family caregivers were adult that they could learn the hand washing by self-directed learning. Leaflet might be a good educational material to transmit the knowledge by repeated reinforcing family caregivers in hospital.
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