Student Perceptions of Simulation's Influence on Home Health and Hospice Practicum Learning

Friday, 3 August 2012: 10:55 AM

Melody K. Eaton, PhD, MBA, RN1
Susan Brooks, MSN, RN, NE2
Kathy Floyd, MSN, RN2
(1)Nursing Department, Longwood University, Farmville, VA
(2)Nursing Department, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA

Learning Objective 1: Explore student perceptions of cultural differences within the context of hospice and home health care.

Learning Objective 2: Distinguish Study results, and implications for nursing practice related to Simulation's Influence on Home Health/Hospice Practicum Learning.


The purpose of this qualitative study was to begin to explore whether an end-of-life simulation, including cultural differences, enhances baccalaureate senior-level nursing student learning in a home health and hospice practicum setting.


A phenomenological approach was used to study simulation’s influence on practicum learning; 30 senior-level baccalaureate nursing student participants experienced an end-of-life simulation lab scenario which included cultural differences. They were asked to describe their experience and relate it to preparation for their home health and hospice practicum, once immediately following the scenario and once at the end of their practicum experience approximately 3 to 4 weeks later. The Colaizzi approach was used and was assisted by the use of a qualitative analysis software tool, Ethnograph.


Three main themes emerged, experiential learning, affirmative outcomes, and family as client.

Conclusion: Perceptions of the influence of simulation learning on senior-level nursing students’ experience with a home care and hospice practicum including cultural differences promote its value and continued use.