Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to learn the effect of the educational intervention on AIDS-related knowledge among Taiwanese aboriginal adolescents.
Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to learn the effect of the educational intervention on AIDS-related attitudes among Taiwanese aboriginal adolescents.
Quasi-experimental design was used in this study. Three classes of the aboriginal students from junior high school were selected and participating in an AIDS prevention educational program. To evaluate the program, aboriginal adolescents were asked to fill out a questionnaire before and after they were obtained the educational activity. The 90 students provided 85 valid surveys before intervention and 80 afterwards.
Results: Significant differences in the following questionnaire items among AIDS knowledge: AIDS infection can be discovered promptly after exposure (p<0.05), AIDS virus could vertically transmitted through the mother (p<0.05), AIDS could be transmitted through mosquito’s bite (p<0.01), the AIDS virus could be contacted by using razors of others (p<0.001), and the AIDS virus could be touched through kissing (p<0.01). With regard to attitude, we found significant differences in the following questionnaire items: AIDS is a shameful disease (p<0.01), I would avoid having contact with friends who suffered AIDS (p<0.01), and I don't exchange needles with others (p<0.001).With regard to self-efficacy, we found significant differences in the following items: I don't exchange needles with others (p<0.001), I would ensure that condoms will be used every time if I engage in sexual intercourse (p<0.05). Since 90% of the aboriginal adolescents did not have sexual experiences, they should be instructed about all aspects of AIDS at school, which at present is the most frequent source of information.
Conclusion: The results of this study show that a successful intervention on AIDS prevention program based on social cognitive theory for aboriginal adolescents. The intervention was provided beneficial changes in adolescent knowledge, attitudes and self-efficacy regarding AIDS. Therefore, it can be popularized to apply for other aboriginal adolescents in Taiwan.