Learning Objective 1: to provide information on caregiver experiences, functioning and needs of children with asthma
Learning Objective 2: to provide information on the preceived caregiver experiences on cultural competency of health care providers and health care delivery system
The purpose of this proposed pilot study was to explore the caregiver experiences of African American and Hispanic/Latino mothers of children with asthma in an effort to understand how specific cultural influences have an effect on the care of these children and subsequent health outcomes.
A qualitative, descriptive design was used to examine the experiences, functioning and needs of low income African American and Hispanic/Latino mothers of children with asthma. Sample: The participants (mothers) were recruited from a Child Development Center in North Carolina. A purposive sampling technique was used to enroll a sample of 10 low income, African American and 10 low income, Hispanic or Latino mothers of children with asthma. Purposive sampling involves deliberate sampling for maximal variation (Blankertz, 1998; Patton, 2002) on factors considered important to the concepts being studied (e.g., family configurations, acuity of asthma, age of child). Procedure: One semi-structure interview lasting 60-90 minutes was conducted by the principal investigator with mothers in their homes. Analysis: The audio recorded tapes were transcribed into electronic text and analyzed using content analysis techniques with the aid of a text-based analysis computer software program (ATLAS.TI version 7). The interview data was analyzed to discover regularities and to identify and categorize patterns (Miles & Huberman, 1994).
The caregiver experiences, functioning, and needs of low income African American and Latino mothers of children with asthma provided information on cultural adaptation to the health care system.
Future research needs to focus cultural competency measures that correlate with these mothers cultural experiences.