Learning Objective 1: Understand the relationship between caregiver burden, parenting style, and sibling relationship to typically-developing sibling outcomes in families raising a child with a disability.
Learning Objective 2: Understand that a positive sibling relationship may help negate caregiver burden and poor parenting practices as they relate to sibling outcomes.
Methods: This correlational study included 189 families raising a CWD and a TDS. Mothers and fathers completed self-report questionnaires on caregiver burden, sibling relationship, parenting style, and TDS externalizing and cooperation behaviors. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA, correlations, and regressions were calculated.
Results: Hierarchical regression revealed caregiver burden was a significant predictor of cooperation and externalizing behaviors. However, when parenting style was included as a predictor, it was significant, but caregiver burden often was not. Authoritative parenting was associated with cooperative behaviors, whereas authoritarian parenting was associated with externalizing behaviors. When sibling relationship was added as a predictor, it was the only significant predictor of cooperation and externalizing behaviors; both caregiver burden and parenting style become statistically insignificant.
Conclusion: Authoritative parenting has positive effects on positive sibling behaviors while authoritarian parenting has negative effects on siblings in families raising a CWD. However, a positive sibling relationship may help negate caregiver burden and poor parenting practices as they relate to sibling outcomes. Therefore, sibling relationships should be considered in interventions supporting families raising a CWD.
See more of: Research Sessions: Oral Paper & Posters