Prior Experience and Knowledge as Correlates of Parental Acceptance of HPV Vaccination

Wednesday, 24 July 2013

Diane Reynolds, EdD, RN, OCN, CNE
School of Nursing, Long Island University, Brooklyn, NY

Learning Objective 1: Discuss the role of knowledge and prior experience with HPV and related diseases and their relationship to vaccine acceptance.

Learning Objective 2: List 3 sources of knowledge of HPV and its relationship to vaccine acceptance.


The purpose of this research project is to:

Although the advent of the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine holds the promise of preventing a major female reproductive cancer and genital warts, it is recognized that several factors may impact vaccine acceptance.  Parental knowledge of HPV and its relation to cervical cancer, sources of HPV vaccine information, and prior experience with a sexually transmitted infection (STI) may contribute to attitudes toward this primary prevention effort.

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of factors contributing to knowledge of HPV and parental acceptance of HPV vaccination for their 9-18 year old daughters.


Parental HPV vaccine acceptability was measured by 4-item Likert scale. Responses of those who had not had daughters vaccinated (N = 218) were compared to responses of those  (N  = 105) that had already vaccinated their daughters against HPV. Those who did not intend to vaccinate were compared to those who intended to vaccinate.


There was a significant positive relationship between knowledge and prior experience; however, knowledge and prior experience with HPV related diseases were not significant predictors of HPV acceptance.


Prior experience can be a source of knowledge. Knowledge alone is not an adequate stimulus for action. Further research is needed to identify parental concerns regarding HPV vaccination.