Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy Clients' Experience Process

Wednesday, 24 July 2013

Hee Jung Jang, RN, PhD
Division of Nursing, Hallym University, Chunchon, South Korea

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to understand the experience among Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy clients.

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to develop the nursing intervention to improve the quality of their lives.

Purpose: The prevalence of Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy(BPH) is increasing in worldwide.  Benign prostatic hypertrophy is a common among middle-aged men, chronic disorder. The main symptom of prostatic hypertrophy is diminished force of the urinary stream, although a diverse range of symptoms can be associated with disease, including urinary frequency and urgency and nocturia, feeling of incomplete bladder emptying. Although Prostatic hypertrophy is associated with the quality of life, psychological distress and emotional factors, there is no qualitative research to explore and describe their lives experience. So the purpose of this study was to generate a grounded theory of what is BPH patients’ life and what affects their lives.


Interview data from six patients with BPH was analyzed using the Strauss and Corbin(1998)s grounded theory method. Data were collected and analyzed simultaneously. Unstructured and in-depth interviews were conducted retrospectively with BPH patient.


discomfort according to mens aging emerged as a core category, and it reflected that the experiences to live as BPH patients is to control and manage their discomfort according to aging. Assuming a core category, a model during the experience process of BPH patients was developed. The experience process was categorized into three stages: a symptom manifestation stage, reflection stage and accompanying stage. The Stages of these will influence to take a care to improve the quality in their lives among nurse-BPH patient interaction and to understand their empathetic experience.


The results from this study will help nurses make effective nursing intervention. For further research, it needs to develop nursing intervention for BPH patients to control discomfort according to men' aging and to sustain the illness process well.