Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to apply this knowledge into their practice area and this may effect to improve patient quality of life.
Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to gain on knowledege that may encourage them to investigate for further information.
To systematically review diabetes mellitus education that has long-term effects of self-management for diabetic older people.
Computerized databases were searched for English-language controlled studies assessing the effects of long term education for older people published from 1987 to 2010. Reviewers extracted study data using a structured abstraction form. Pooled information about long-term education program effects on older people with diabetes was used for adjustments in the review.
The pooled estimate of program effects on long-term education was a 0.5 percentage point reduction (95% confidence interval), a modest but significant improvement. Evidence also supports that long term education is beneficial for improving diabetic patient self-care management in terms of glycemic control.
Diabetes education, self-management program can be combined with new technology and results were as successful for the glycemic control for patient. The elements of the programs most responsible for benefits cannot be determined from existing data, and this inhibits specification of optimally effective or cost-effective programs.