Explore the Effects of Social Interactions and Anxiety Symptoms on Quality of Life in Schizophrenia Patients

Wednesday, 24 July 2013: 4:10 PM

Tzu-Ting Wang, MSN, RN1
Su-Chen Lo, MSN, RN2
Chiu-Yi Lin, BSN, RN3
Chiu-Yueh Yang, PhD, RN3
(1)Department of Nursing, Cardinal Tien College of Healthcare & Management, New Taipei, Taiwan
(2)Bali Psychiatric Center, Department of Health, New Taipei, Taiwan
(3)School of Nursing, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to understand demographic data impact on quality of life in schizophrenia patients.

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to understand the relationship between anxiety symptoms and quality of life in schizophrenia patients.

Purpose: This study was to explore the effects of social interaction and anxiety symptoms on quality of life in schizophrenia patients

Methods: This is a cross-sectional, correlational study. Convenience sample was conducted in northern medical hospitals (excluding the schizophrenia cases treated in acute ward). Qualified subjects were 143 schizophrenia patients. Instruments included four parts: demographic data, Assessment of Communication and Interaction Skills—Chinese version (ACIS-C), Beck Anxiety Inventory and WHOQOL-Bref. Assessment of Communication and Interaction Skills was collected through individual interview or group observation, while the others were collected by self-report. SPSS 17.0 was employed to conduct descriptive statistics on mean, standard deviation, median after the data was collected. As for the inference statistics, it included t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, one way Analysis of Variance, Kruskal-Wallis test, Pearson Correlation and used multiple regression to examine the important predictable variables of quality of life in schizophrenia patients.

Results: The research results are as the following: 1. There was a negative correlation between length of illness and social interaction. 2. The mean of Beck Anxiety Inventory was 15.01(SD = 13.55); the younger the age is, the anxiety symptoms increase, and the longer the illness is, the anxiety symptoms decrease. (3) Anxiety symptoms can negatively affect the quality of life.  

Conclusion: This research suggests nursing staffs should adopt more effective nursing interventions for anxiety symptoms to improve the quality of life.