Job Satisfaction and Subjective Well-Being Among Czech and Slovak Nurses

Thursday, 25 July 2013: 8:50 AM

Elena Gurkova, PhD
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences of the University in Bielsko Biala, Poland, Bielsko Biala, Poland

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to describe relationship between job satisfaction and subjective well-being of Czech and Slovak nurses.

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to identify what domains of job satisfaction are significant predictors of emotional and cognitive components of subjective well-being in nurses.

Purpose: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between domains of the job satisfaction and cognitive and emotional components of subjective well-being (SWB) in Czech and Slovak nurses.

Methods: The sample for study consisted of 1055 hospital staff nurses from 12 hospitals in the Czech and Slovak Republics. Data were collected using a set of questionnaires that included the McCloskey/Mueller Satisfaction Scale, the Positive Affect Scale, the Negative Affect Scale, and the Personal Well-being Index. The association between domains of job satisfaction and components of SWB was analyzed by multiple regression analyses.

Results: Consistent with the spillover hypothesis, we confirmed positive low association between domains of job satisfaction and affective and cognitive component of SWB. Different components of SWB were predicted by different domains of job satisfaction. However, domains of job satisfaction explained only a small % of the variance in SWB. The satisfaction with the extrinsic rewards; co-workers; and control responsibility accounted for only 10% of the variance in the cognitive component of SWB – life satisfaction. Positive affect was predicted by three domains of job satisfaction (satisfaction with control/responsibility, interaction opportunities and co-workers), explaining a total of 11 % of the variance. Negative affect was predicted by interaction opportunities and control/responsibility, and scheduling, and professional opportunities, explaining a total of 11 % of the variance.

Conclusion: Our results suggest that SWB is not strongly influenced by the job satisfaction among Czech and Slovak nurses. Longitudinal design should be used in future research to explore the direction of the job satisfaction/SWB relationship among nurses. Further studies should also focus on identifying others predictors of SWB among nurses.