Learning Objective 1: To build up a friendly workplace environment.
Learning Objective 2: Smoking cessation programs intervention could improve the success of smoking cessation among employees.
Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in Taiwan. The purpose of this study was to understand employees’s characteristics in smoking cessation program, participation motivation and social support.
The study sample consisted of 120 employees from a transportation company in Kaohsiung city, Taiwan. This is a cross-sectional and correlational research design. Data collection was done from May 2, 2011 to Sep. 2, 2011. Data were analyzed using SPSS 14.0 statistical software.
The results showedF(1)The mean age of subjects was 47.6 years old. The mean time of the subjects start smoking was 29.2 years. The level of education of the majority is senior high school (86.3%). And most early age smokers start at 15-19 years old(77%).(2)All four parameters of age, marital status, income and physical health correlated positively with participation motivation(r= .52, p< .01).(3)Occupation correlated negatively with participation motivation(r= -.70, p< .001).(4)Negative correlations were among amount of daily smoking, start to smoke at early age(r= -.24, p< .01).(5)A significant, positive relationship was found between social support and the value of the breath carbon monoxide(CO)level of more than 10 ppm.(6)Considering the motivation of joining smoking cessation, there were no significant differences between early age smokers and those who start smoking several years later. (r= .3, p< .01).(7)There were no significant differences between start to smoke at early age and participation motivation.
This study suggest that smoking cessation programs intervention could improve the success of smoking cessation among employees. Participation motivation and social support could improve the success of smoking cessation. Eucation programs to improve knowledge and competencies toward smoking cessation could increase transportation company’s intention to participate. In conclusions, it is hoped that results of this study will provide to build up a friendly workplace environment.