Empowering Teaching Strategies Used by Baccalaureate Nursing Faculty

Tuesday, 23 July 2013: 3:50 PM

Vera C. Brancato, EdD, RN, MSN, BSN
Department of Nursing, Alvernia University, Reading, PA

Learning Objective 1: identify the empowering teaching behaviors utilized by nurse educators in baccalaureate nursing programs throughtout the United States

Learning Objective 2: describe the teaching strategies that are essential to promote empowerment in students


The purpose of this study was to describe nursing faculty's use of empowering teaching behaviors among baccalaureate nursing faculty.


Multistage cluster sampling was used to randomly select nursing programs from which nursing faculty members were invited to participate in the research study. A random national sample consisting of 531 full-time baccalaureate nursing faculty members was used to identify the number of empowering teaching behaviors utilized in NLNAC accredited generic undergraduate programs and RN to BSN programs. Demographic characteristics were obtained on the sample and their respective institutions. Empowering teaching behaviors were measured using Part II of the Status and Promotion of Professional Nursing Practice Questionnaire (SPPNPQ) (Carlson-Catalano, 1988). This tool included 40 teaching strategies divided into four subscales used to describe strategies to empower nursing students to become future empowered nurses. The instrument is subdivided into four categories: analytic nursing, change activities, collegiality, and sponsorship. Results: Of the surveys mailed, 531 (75%) were completed and returned for data analysis. For this study, the average number of empowering teaching behaviors was 19.5/40. This is comparable to Carlson-Catalano's (1988) mean of 19. The results indicate use of more collegiality and analytic teaching strategies and less frequent use of change activities. Sponsorship strategies were used the least often.

Conclusion: Although faculty reported using only approximately half of the 40 empowering teaching strategies, the 75% response rate indicated their interest in this topic. All 40 empowering teaching behaviors should be used consistently to provide the essential opportunities for nurses to participate actively in changing practice within the health care arena.