Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to describe the coping, self-efficacy and quality of life of family caregivers of clients with dementia.
Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to understand the coping strategies used by Asian family caregivers of clients with dementia.
To examine the coping strategies, self-efficacy and the quality of life of Asian caregivers of clients with dementia.
A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted. Data were collected by structured interviews using the Family Crisis Oriented Personal Evaluation Scale (F-COPES), General Self-perceived Efficacy (GSE) and the WHO Quality of Life (WHOQoL) questionnaires. A convenience sample of 98 participants was recruited from two community centers in Singapore.
There were positive correlations between the F-COPES, GSE and WHOQoL subscales. There were significant positive correlations between the participants’ psychological health and the coping strategies. However, no significant relationship was observed for the participants’ physical health and the coping strategies. Household income was related to the participants’ quality of life. Older caregivers’ used more passive coping and used less family support. The participants’ self-efficacy was associated with all domains of their quality of life except physical health. We did not observe any associations between the participants’ gender, ethnicity and religion with all the measures.
Caregiving skills that enhance caregivers’ self-efficacy could be included in caregivers’ intervention programs. It is important to develop interventions that target caregivers of different age group and to promote positive coping.