Learning Objective 1: Learners will be able to recognize different patterns of intent-to-leave among individual nurses.
Learning Objective 2: Learners will be able to understand the nursesí personal characteristics contributing to different patterns of intent-to-leave.
Purpose: (1) Classifying the patterns of ITL
(2) Characterizing the subgroups of nurses with ITL
Methods: A descriptive, survey study was conducted using convenience sample of 186 nursing home nurses. Seven indicators of ITL, involving attitudes, decision-making and behaviors toward voluntary turnover, were used to classify the patterns of ITL via latent class analysis. Differences in median response on demographics across subgroups were assessed using the Kruskal–Wallis test followed by post hoc Sidak’s tests.
Results: Three patterns were identified: “potential leavers with withdrawal plans (n=22),”“potential leavers without withdrawal plans (n=101)” and “low-risk potential leavers (n=63).“ Characteristics of nurses with the pattern of “potential leavers with withdrawal plans” were youngest, had baccalaureate degree, single, and had the highest negative aspects of personality. Nurses in the group of “potential leavers without withdrawal plans” were married and had associated degree. Nurses in the group of “low-risk potential leavers” were the oldest and had the least negative aspects of personality.
Conclusion: Results indicated individual differences have impacts on ITL. Future studies should take individual differences into account to increase effective explanations of ITL. Further, when developing preventative interventions for alleviating nurse turnover, stakeholders should consider that one size does not fit all.