Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to know the current state of patient safety education in undergraduate nursing program of Korea.
Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to consdier strategies to improve patient safety education for nursing students and their patient safety competencies
The purpose of the study was to examine to what extent and which topic of patient safety was educated in undergraduate nursing programs of Korea.
206 senior nursing students participated from four nursing schools located in Seoul, Korea. Students were asked to respond whether they were educated for patient safety through lectures, practicum, or other clinical experiences during the four year nursing curriculum. The knowledge part of the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses-the Student Evaluation Survey (QSEN-SES) (Sullivan, et al., 2009) was used to measure the coverage and teaching venues of patient safety education. Descriptive statistics and Chi-squared test were used for data analysis.
About 82% of students responded that they were educated for patient safety. 85% of them learned through lectures and 77% learned through clinical practicums. Patient safety contents were taught the most in fundamental nursing lecture and adult nursing practicum. In terms of the number of students who responded that they were educated for patient safety, there was significant difference among schools. The topics of Patient-centered Care (97%) were mostly covered and those of Quality Improvement were the least covered. Classroom was the most common learning venue and Lab/simulation was the least venue of learning. The coverage of Teamwork and Collaboration, Safety, and Informatics in their curriculum was significantly different among schools.
There is no national consensus among nursing schools about standardized patient safety education in Korea. We need to standardize patient safety curriculum in which the essential competencies of patient safety are integrated as learning outcomes. Also, various teaching strategies such as simulation should be developed to improve students’ patient safety competencies.
This study has been supported by National Research Foundation of Korea (810-20110011, 810-20120011).