The Effect of Body Mechanics Training on Lower Back Pain and Leg Pain in Lumbar Herniated Disc Patients

Wednesday, 24 July 2013

Nazan Kilic Akça, PhD
Internal Disease Nursing, Bozok University, Yozgat, Turkey
Gökçen Aydin, RN
Surgical nursing, Bozok University, Yozgat, Turkey
Kenan Gümüs, RN
Surgical nursing, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to learn proper body mechanics

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to develop self-care of individuals


This study was done on lumbar herniated disc patients to evaluate the effect of body mechanics training on the pain intensity experimentaly.


The study was done on 90 patiens with L4-L5 and/or L5-S1 disk degeneration, determined by radiographic examination, who stays in investigatory physical treatment and rehabilitation center. Two 30 minute trainings have given to randomly grouped study patients in discharging week, meanwhile routine treatment is applied to control group patients.  The information and Visual Analog Scale (VAS) forms was filled in by investigator for control and study group at the hospital and 3 months later at home via phone. t test was used for evaluation.


 The VAS pain point average was significantly (p<0.01) decreased in study group patients after 3 months as compared to control group, showing that the trainin was efficient.


It was determined that planned body mechanics using training decreased the pain intensity in Lumbar herniated disc patients. It may be suggested that in physical treatment and rehabilitation centers this training could be included in the routine care program of Lumbar herniated disc patients.