Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to know that sense of coherence and generalized resistant resources play a crucial role in the health promotion.
Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to be familiar with Health Promotion 2.0 framework and be inspired to perform further studies using this model.
Using the salutogenic model-based HP 2.0 framework, we investigated the relationship among the sense of coherence (SOC), generalized resistant resources (GRR) and the self-reported health status in older long-term care (LTC) residents.
Design: cross-sectional, purposive sampling.
Setting: eleven LTC facilities in I-Lan City, Taiwan.
Participants: One hundred and four LTC residents (mean age 77.3 years old, 40 men) who were older than 65 years, stayed for at least 3 months and had no mental disturbance.
Measurements: The GRRs information (including 10 items for individual data, 5 for physical environment, and 4 for social environment), Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-13) and Self Perceptions of Health Scale of all participants were collected completely at a facility visit.
The stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that SOC (P=0.004), presence of windows in the bedroom (P=0.011), and the frequency of family visit (P=0.034) have the significant effect on the self-reported health status, after controlling for other potential association factors.
SOC, physical environment and social environment are significantly associated with the self-reported health of the older LTC residents.