The Concept of Teasing Between Taiwan and U.S.

Wednesday, 24 July 2013

Yi-Hui Liu, PhD
Department of Nursing, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to understand the step before translating a tool for other countries.

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to understand how to conduct a focus group for the children.

Purpose: To be the preliminary study of developing Chinese Version of the Child-Adolescent Teasing Scale (CATS), the purposes of this study were to (1) understand the meaning of teasing for Taiwanese elementary school students; (2) determine the similarity of the concept of teasing between Taiwan and U.S. (concept validity); and (3) validate the items of the CATS with Taiwanese elementary school students.

Methods: A focus group was conducted for these purposes. Six female and six male Taiwanese elementary school students in the 4th grade to the 6th grade participated in this preliminary study. Two boys and two girls were from each grade. The mean age of the participants was 10.5 (range 9-12). Semi-structured questions on the four dimensions of teasing were used as an interview guide to elicit descriptions of teasing. Content analysis was applied to analyze the data.

Results: The definitions of teasing and bully described by the students were consistent with the definitions described in the literatures from the west countries. For the students in this focus group, teasing was different from bullying. Most of the students described teasing as “making fun of somebody” or “playing a practical joke on somebody.” Students described bullying as “overbearing somebody,” “taking over by force,” or “humiliating somebody.” Students also expressed that “tyrant,” “criminal,” and “hooligan” came into their minds when the term “bullying” was mentioned. The results of the item validation show that no new items were generated from this focus group Compared to the CATS.

Conclusion: The results of the preliminary study show that the concept of teasing between Taiwan and U.S. was similar. The results were also an important reference point when considering adding or deleting items for the Chinese version of the CATS.