Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to understand nursesí perspectives of providing transcultural care for immigrant patients.
Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to realize concepts and methods to bridge the cultural care gap through transculturally nursing care.
Methods: Qualitative research method was conducted in this study. A purposive sample of twenty eight Taiwanese nurses was selected to participate in in-depth audio-taped interviews. A semi-structured interview guide was applied to explore and obtain the data from each participant. Data were analyzed by applying Colaizzi's (1978) method as a qualitative content analysis. Data collection and analysis proceeded simultaneously. Additionally, credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability were assessed and enhanced the rigorousness of this study (Lincoln & Guba, 1985).
Results: Nurses’ perspectives of providing care for immigrant patients were captured in three main themes and sub-themes: (1) carrying cultural care burden (cultural care knowledge, cultural care skills, cultural impressions, communications); (2) confronting cultural care challenges (empathizing; ignoring, enthusiasm); (3) equipping cultural care competences (group counseling, continuing education)
Conclusion: In-service education to help nurses improve cultural care competence in immigrant patient care should emphasize cultural care knowledge, cultural care skills and communications. A cultural care competence protocol could be used to bridge the cultural care gap among immigrant patients and nurses relationship while providing nursing care in clinical practice.