Thai Nurses' Cultural Competency in Caring for Clients Living at a Multicultural Setting

Tuesday, 23 July 2013: 2:10 PM

Praneed Songwathana, PhD
Department of Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand
Siripan Siripan, MSN
Department of Obstetric and Gynaecology Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Princess of Narathiwas University, Narathiwas Province, Thailand

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to assess individual cultural competency in caring for cultural diversed clients.

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to aware and change perception/attitudes towards caring for for cultural diversed clients.

Purpose: The descriptive research was aimed to assess the level of Thai nurses’ cultural competency in caring for clients living at a multicultural setting.   

Methods: A total of 126 Thai registered nurses working in the area of the southern Thai- Malaysian borders were recruited from provincial hospitals, community hospitals and local health centers. Participants completed a self report questionnaire of cultural competency which composed of 5 dimensions, including cultural knowledge, cultural awareness, cultural skills, cultural encounters and cultural desire. The cultural knowledge was tested for internal consistency using Kurder-Richardson (KR-20), yielding a value of 0.72. The other 4 dimensions of competency were tested using Cronbach’s alpha coefficients, yielding a value of 0.84. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics.

Results: The results revealed that the overall nurses’ cultural competency was at a moderate level ( = 14.47, SD = 1.940). Regarding to each dimension in cultural competency, it was found that cultural awareness, cultural encounters and cultural desire were at high level ( = 3.11, SD = 0.509; = 3.08, SD = 0.519; = 3.23, SD = 0.671 respectively) except cultural knowledge and cultural skill, were at moderate level ( = 2.21, SD = 0.531; = 2.84, SD = 0.405).

Conclusion: The findings highlight the important of the cultural competency development among Thai nurses aimed at reducing stress and conflicts and promoting nurse’s adaptation when working in the multicultural settings of the Thai-Malaysian borders.