The Effect of Oral Health Education in School Children of North Korean Defectors

Monday, 22 July 2013

HoRan Park, PhD, RN
College of Nursing, The Catholic University, Seoul, South Korea

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to know a health education program for school age children defected from North Korea was effective in improving oral health.

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to know this program was effective in improving their oral health behaviors and in building oral heatlh habits.

Purpose: To investigate the effect of oral health education on the oral health knowledge, oral health behavior, oral health status of school children from North Korea.  

Methods: The collected data were conducted by 63 North Korean defectors school aged children arrived at Hanawon, from December 2010 to July 2011. The subjects assigned to 31 in the experimental and 32 in the control group. Oral health education was supplied to experimental group, once a week for 4 weeks. The teaching session was performed with 10 minutes' theoretical presentation and 20 minutes' practical training for tooth brushing in rolling method. The theoretical oral health education was performed with a group and tooth brushing with rolling method was trained by individual. The data was collected in such periods as the before the test, just after the education and 4 weeks after the education. The data were analyzed using a SAS program.

Results: With regard to the oral health knowledge, there were found more remarks of evaluations in the experimental group than those of the control group (p<.000). Oral health behavior was seen the significant increasement in the experimental group than the control group (p<.000). Adequacy of toothbrushing by rolling method of the experimental group was significantly improved than in the control group (p<.000). Compared to that of the control group, oral health status of the experimental group, including the S-PHP, Snyder test, was significantly decreased (p<.000). In oral micro-organism observed by phase-contrast microscope, the amount and motile of Cocci, Filament, Comma/Spiral were significantly decreased before and after education or training.

Conclusion: The oral health education containing individual training of rolling method of toothbrushing was recommended to apply for improving the oral health level for children escaped and immigrated from North Korea, in order to prevent the oral disease and promote for a quality of life for them.