The Experiences of Tobacco Use Among Taiwanese Adolescent Boys after Smoking-Cessation Programs

Thursday, 25 July 2013: 1:55 PM

Rei-Mei Hong, RN, PhD
Department of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Chiayi, Taiwan
Mei-Yen Chen, RN, PhD
Graduate Institute of Nursing, Graduate Institute of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Chiayi County, Taiwan
Su-Er Guo, PhD
School of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Pu-tz, Chiayi, Taiwan

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to expand effective smoking cessation programs for adolescent boys.

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to understand adolescent boys' thoughts about smoking cessation programs.

Purpose: Smoking is one of a number of modifiable risk factors for lung cancers and other health-related
chronic diseases. The purpose of this research is to explore the smoking behaviors among adolescent boys and their
points of views after taking two smoking-cessation education programs. Current health recommendations advise that
people limit or avoid smoking to reduce the risk of lung diseases and other related illness. However, the percentage of
smoking among adolescent boys is still high, especially in southern Taiwan. While there is some empirical evidence
about the quantity and tobacco use in adults, from their lived experiences, very little is known about how adolescent boys
view tobacco use in relation to health and how they think about smoking-cessation programs for them in Southern


Given the association between tobacco use and how to motivate adolescent boys to quit smoking, there is a
need for in-depth research about tobacco use among adolescent boys in southern Taiwan. This study aims to explore the
experience of tobacco use among adolescent boys in Southern Taiwan after two smoking-cessation education programs
in order to understand how lived experiences influence smoking choices and behaviors. Phenomenology method is used
to analyze data collected from 20 in-depth interviews and two focus groups with adolescent boys in Southern Taiwan who
are having smoking experiences.


This study finds four themes: (1) smoking became my habits; (2) friendship
establishment from smoking; (3) no feeling about smoking-cessation classes; (4) smoking while see tobacco.


The findings can become the basic knowledge for nursing practitioners or community health nurses.