The Relationship Between Health Literacy and Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors in a Sample of Turkish Adult People

Monday, 22 July 2013

Ayse Sezer
Public Health Nursing, Marmara Universty, Istanbul, Turkey
Hasibe Kadioglu, PhD
Community Health Nursing, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey

Learning Objective 1: the learner will be able to the status of the relationship between health literacy and healthy lifestyle behaviors

Learning Objective 2: results of the study will contribute to future studies


 The aim of the study was to analyses the associations between health literacy and healthy lifestyle behaviors in a sample of Turkish Adult People. 


This cross-sectional type study was designed descriptive and study population included individuals between the ages 18-65 who visited the family health center between April-June in 2012, Istanbul, Turkey. All individuals in the population were aimed to be reached without sample selection. Data were collected by the Turkish Adult Health Literacy Scale and Health-Promoting Behavior Scale II. The Ethical Committee of Health Science Instıtute of Marmara University approved all the study procedures. Verbal consent was obtained from participants. Data were analyzed by SPSS 17.0.  Descriptive statistics, Independent sample t test, One way ANOVA, Kruskal-wallis and Pearson correlation analysis was used. 


Totally 381 people, between the ages of 18-65 years participated to the study. Three hundred three of the participants were women (79.5%), and seventy eight of them were male (20.5%). The mean score for Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors Scale II 130.83 ± 21.22 (min: 70, max: 200), and Adult Health Literacy Scale score was 13.10±4.22 (min:1, max:23) respectively. Education was the most important demographic characteristic found to be related to the health literacy (F:18.46, p:0.00). Positively significant and moderate relationship was found between adult health literacy scale and healthy lifestyle behaviors scale II (r:0.32, p:0.00).


 The results of the study indicated that there is a relationship between health literacy and healthy lifestyle behaviors. Health professionals should conduct health literacy assessments for adults prior to designing health education programs for those with low health literacy to develop health literacy skills as to perform health promoting behaviors