Urinary Incontinence and Quality of Life Among Married Women

Monday, 22 July 2013

Kevser Ozdemir, MSc
School of Health Sciences, Sakarya University, Sakaray, Turkey
Sevil Sahin, PhD
School of Health, Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey
Nebahat zerdogan, PhD
School of Health Sciences, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, Turkey
Alaettin Unsal, MD
Public Health Department, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, Turkey

Learning Objective 1: Objective: To identify urinary in continence (UI) among married women, evaluate the relationship between UI and quality of life.

Learning Objective 2: Objective: To identify urinary in continence (UI) among married women, evaluate the relationship between UI and quality of life.

Purpose: To identify urinary in continence (UI) among married women, evaluate the relationship between UI and quality of life

Methods: The study is a cross-secti onal research conducted among married women 20-49 age, Who apply between November 2011 -May 2012 at three family health center in Sakarya. The study group consisted of 1161 women. The questionnaire form which was prepared in parallel to the objectives of the study was filled by the women during a face to face interview. The presence of urinary in continence, the type and severity was evaluated according to the criteria put forth by the International Continence Association. SF- 36 scale was used in evaluating the quality of life. The data was analyzed using chi-square, Student-t test, one way analysis of variance. Statistical significance was accepted to be as p<0.05.

Results: The mean age of patients was 37.15±7.53 and urinary incontinence symptoms were determined in 71.5% (n=830)  of the patients. Among a total of 830 patients, mixed type (%60.4), urge type (%33.9) and stress type (5.8%) were the most common types of urinary incontinence. Among women who suffer from UI, the points in all sections without general health perception and social functioning of the SF-36 scale, were lower than women who did not suffer from UI. (for every sec ti on; p< 0.05). As the severity of UI in creased, the average points obtained in the general health perception and mental health sections lowered (for every sec ti on; p< 0.05).

 Conclusion: UI is a common problem among women and effect the quality of life and sexual li fe.The studies are should be conducted to determine the UI women who with chronic disease in the menopausal period, more than the number of births and older.