Awareness, Education, and Prevention of Chronic Kidney Disease in the Older Adult Population: A Pilot Study

Tuesday, 23 July 2013: 1:50 PM

Rowena W. Elliott, PhD, RN, CNN, BC, CNE, FAAN
College of Nursing, University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, MS

Learning Objective 1: Describe the incidence and prevalence of chronic kidney disease in the older adult population (65+).

Learning Objective 2: Develop a community outreach awareness, education, and screening event for older adults related to chronic kidney disease.


To conduct a pilot study with older adults to investigate their awareness of chronic kidney disease.


At a senior center, 37 older adults were asked questions to investigate their knowledge of chronic kidney disease.

  1. Do you know someone who has have kidney disease?
  2. Do you have a relative who has kidney disease?
  3. What is different about their lives compared to those who don’t have kidney disease?
  4. Which are risk factors for kidney disease?
  5. What race of people is at greatest risk for kidney disease?


  • Question  #1
    • 24 knew someone with kidney disease.
  • Question #2
    • 9 have a relative with kidney disease.
  • Question #3
    • 10 noticed fatigue, skin darkening, weight loss.
    • 30 didn’t know effects of kidney disease.
  • Question #4
    • 35/37-diabetes is a risk factor.  
    • 32/37-hypertension is a risk factor.  
    • 15/37- could be genetic.  
    • 10/37-old age is a risk factor.    
  • Question #5
    • 12/37-Hispanics were at a greater risk/ didn’t know rationale.    
    • 5/37- Japanese were not at a greater risk/ didn’t know rationale.
    • 9/37-Pacific  Islanders were at a greater risk/ didn’t know rationale.    
    • 35/37-African-Americans were at a greater risk/ didn’t know rationale.   
    • 5/37-Caucasians were not at a greater risk /didn’t know rationale.
    • 8/37-Native Americans were at a greater risk developing/ didn’t know rationale.   
    • 7/37-Japanese were not at a greater risk/didn’t know rationale.


Most knew someone or related to someone with kidney disease. Less than 75% knew changes with kidney disease. Although >50% of the participants knew diabetes and hypertension were risk factors, less that 30% knew genetics and older age were risk factors. The participants identified African Americans at a greater risk, but fewer knew the rationale. For the remaining ethnic groups, most didn’t know the risk and didn’t know the rationale.