Learning Objective 1: 1. The learner will be able to state the benefits of GIS as a community health assessment tool
Learning Objective 2: 2. The learner will be able to State the benefits if the use of GIS specific to the prevention of teen births.
Methods: For the mapping purposes, aggregate census block group level city data of birth rate/counts for females ages 15-19 was obtained from vital records. In addition, block group level population data for the city was downloaded from U.S Census Bureau, Census 2010. This population data included race/ethnicity, income, poverty status, and education. Data about health and social services locations in the city was collected and coded for teen empowerment, reproductive health clinics including pregnancy prevention services and service support for young parents. The data was, organized, and managed in ArcCatalog –data management tool in ArcGIS 9.2 for use in geocoding and map creation in ArcMap.
Results: The mapping identified geographic disparities in services. Services are located in the center of the city leaving many areas without access. Teen birth rate was visually associated in areas with high poverty rate, low education and high minority concentration.
Conclusion: GIS mapping is an important tool to assess teen births. The findings identify gaps and opportunities and inform recommendations such as service planning, identification of high-risk population and their geographic location.