Depression and Anxiety Responses of Hospitalized Children and Their Mothers to Therapeutic Clowns: A Study

Thursday, 25 July 2013: 1:15 PM

Ozgur Alparslan1
Nevin Şeker, RN2
Gulcin Bozkurt3
Sümbül Yılmaz, BS2
(1)Midwifey department, Gaziosmanpasa Universitiy, Tokat Health School, Tokat, Turkey
(2)Hospital Education Department, Sivas, Turkey
(3)Midwifery department, Istanbul Universty Health Science Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to learn depression-anxiety responses and effect on hospitalized children of therapeutic clowns

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to learn depression-anxiety responses of mothers of hospitalized children to therapeutic clowns


This study examined the effect anxiety and depression on hospitalized children and their mothers of therapeutic clowning in a pediatric hospital.

Methods: The sample was composed of 99 subjects (7-13 years) who had to undergo minor 3 days hospitalized. Children were randomly assigned to the clowns group (N=50) and their mothers (N=49) or the control group children (N=49) and their mothers (N=49). Children and parental anxiety and depression levels was measured by using pre-test and post-test  the State Trait Anxiety Inventory and the Beck Depression Inventory. Data were analyzed by using SPSS version 15.0 for Windows. P was accepted as significant at < 0.05.

Results: The clown group was significantly less anxious and depressive compared with control group. There were not any significant differences between mothers of clown group and mothers of control group.


Clown intervention is effective in reducing anxiety and depression levels in children during the hospitalization.