Sedentary Lifestyle, Smoking and Alcohol: Assessment of Life Habits for Health Promotion of Students University

Monday, 22 July 2013

Marta Maria Coelho Damasceno, PhD1
Maria Lúcia Zanetti, PhD, RN2
Hérica Cristina Alves de Vasconcelos, MS3
Márcio Flávio Moura de Araújo3
Roberto Wagner Júnior Freire de Freitas, MS3
Niciane Bandeira Pessoa Marinho, RN4
(1)Federal University of Ceará, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Brazil
(2)School of Nursing, University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil
(3)Nursing of Department, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Brazil
(4)Nursing Department, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Brazil

Learning Objective 1: Understand the role of the nurse in promoting health while using the core competence called diagnostic evaluation.

Learning Objective 2: Get to know how the lifestyle of a population can allow the nurse to perform strategies to promote health and disease prevention.

Purpose: One of the core competencies of health promoter nurse is the diagnostic evaluation, important for planning, through health education, appropriate strategies, consistent approaches and attainable goals. The association of the risk for cardiovascular disease with habits such as sedentary lifestyle, smoking, and alcohol consumption has been the subject of worldwide research. Knowing that the lifestyle that many students chose while in college contributes to the exposure of these habits, the interest in the present study is to conduct a diagnostic assessment of lifestyle habits related to physical inactivity and consumption of alcohol and tobacco on college students. 

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 701 students at a public university in Brazil. Data was collected between January and July, 2011, through a questionnaire with sociodemographic variables beyond the lifestyles listed above. Sedentary lifestyle was classified according specific researchers, the smoking according to the World Health Organization and the alcoholism according to the alcohol use disorders identification test. The statistical inferential was performed and ethical aspects have been respected. 

Results: The results indicated an average age of 21.5 years old, and predominance for individuals females (62.6%), unmarried (93%), who lived with their parents (71.2%) and full time students (65.2 %). Regarding the lifestyle of students who were investigated, it was observed that 70.5% of students had a sedentary lifestyle and 9.4% of them smoked, daily or occasionaly. As for alcohol, 93.4% had a pattern of low-risk drinking and, in addition, they may benefit from information about alcohol consumption. The 6.6% had medium risk, and may present, in the near future, health problems.

Conclusion: Therefore, the role of nurses is important for developing strategies to encourage healthy lifestyles through planning of interventions aimed at health promotion and the prevention of cardiovascular disease in participants.