Learning Objective 1: Understand the role of the nurse in promoting health while using the core competence called diagnostic evaluation.
Learning Objective 2: Get to know how the lifestyle of a population can allow the nurse to perform strategies to promote health and disease prevention.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 701 students at a public university in Brazil. Data was collected between January and July, 2011, through a questionnaire with sociodemographic variables beyond the lifestyles listed above. Sedentary lifestyle was classified according specific researchers, the smoking according to the World Health Organization and the alcoholism according to the alcohol use disorders identification test. The statistical inferential was performed and ethical aspects have been respected.
Results: The results indicated an average age of 21.5 years old, and predominance for individuals females (62.6%), unmarried (93%), who lived with their parents (71.2%) and full time students (65.2 %). Regarding the lifestyle of students who were investigated, it was observed that 70.5% of students had a sedentary lifestyle and 9.4% of them smoked, daily or occasionaly. As for alcohol, 93.4% had a pattern of low-risk drinking and, in addition, they may benefit from information about alcohol consumption. The 6.6% had medium risk, and may present, in the near future, health problems.
Conclusion: Therefore, the role of nurses is important for developing strategies to encourage healthy lifestyles through planning of interventions aimed at health promotion and the prevention of cardiovascular disease in participants.