Opinions of the Cardiac Patients Related to Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

Monday, 22 July 2013

Ceren Dulgeroglu, RN
Nursing Department, Marmara University, İstanbul, Turkey
Meftun Akgun, PhD
Health Science Faculty, Nursing Department, Marmara University, İstanbul,, Turkey
Aysel Gurkan, PhD
Health Science Faculty, Department of Nursing, Marmara University, İstanbul, Turkey

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to learn the preferences of the patients related to Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to learn the patients' views related to cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Purpose: The purpose of this research is to define whether the patients prefer Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) or not when CPR is necessary.

Methods: This defining prospectus research was conducted between February 1 and April 30/2012, in a cardiology clinic of a university hospital, in Istanbul. 257 patients, accepting to attend to the research, who were over 18, oriented to place,time and ambience and had no communication problems were included to this study. Data were collected by using the literature review and “Socio-demographic Question Form” and “Katz Activities of Daily Living Scale” which are composed by the researcher.  For estimating the data, defining statistics methods and x2 were used (p<0,05 is accepted significant).

Results: The average of patients’ ages was 58.1±  13,0 (median 59) -55.6% of patients were male- 87.2% of patients stated that they knew what the CPR is and 54.9% of patients stated they were hesitant about the negative effects of CPR, 64.6% of the patients stated that they wanted CPR and 59.5% stated that they wanted to talk to their doctors about CPR. When we examine according to their sexes, whether the patients want CPR or not, it was seen that 72.8% of 143 male patients , 54.3% of 114 female patients wanted  CPR (p<0,01). It was seen that 72.4% of patients wanted their doctors to make decisions about CPR (p<0.001).

Conclusion: People can choose the attempts which will be applied to their bodies according to their beliefs and values. So it can be determined by asking to patients in the period when they keep their life functions, when they can give reasonable decisions,  whether they want CPR or nor in the case of cardiac arrest. According to research findings, patients want CPR when it is necessary and their doctors’ decisions for them.