Familial Affects on Obesity in Korean-American Preschool-Age Children

Monday, 22 July 2013

So Hyun Park, MSN
nursing, UIC, chicago, IL

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to identify the effects of family on childhood obesity among Korean-American preschool age children

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to identify mediate effect of child’s routines on the relationship between the family system and the overweight/obesity among KA preschoolers.


This study aims to (1) describe the family background, family system, child’s routines, childcare situation, and overweight/obesity among Korean-American (KA) preschool-age children, (2) identify the relationships among the family system, the child’s routines, childcare, and overweight/obesity in the children, and (3) identify whether child’s routines and childcare situation mediate the relationship between the family system and the overweight/obesity among KA preschool-age children.

Methods: A cross-sectional, quantitative research design will be used from 175 self-identified KA mothers who are the primary caregiver and reside with a child aged 2 to 5. Data will be collected from daycare centers and KA churches in KA communities in the Chicago metropolitan area. Prior to actual data collection, focus group interviews and cognitive interviews will be conducted to obtain KA mothers’ perspectives regarding childhood obesity and to develop questionnaire items. Preschool-age children’s weights and heights will be measured; then KA mothers will complete the self-administered questionnaire in a quiet room. The questionnaire will be prepared in both Korean and English versions, and it will take approximately 1 hour to complete. The SPSS PROCESS statistical program will be used to examine family influences on obesity in KA preschool-age children.

Results: The results of this study will be analyzed after completing the data collection.


The findings of this study can provide better understanding of KA families and predict influencing factors on overweight/obesity among KA preschool-age children. Thus, the findings can be used to develop a culturally appropriate intervention to decrease and prevent overweight/obesity among the children.