Zero New HIV and TB Infection: Vision Impossible with the Current Management of LGBTI Students in a Rural-Based University

Saturday, 26 July 2014: 1:50 PM

Azwihangwisi Mavhandu-Mudzusi, PhD, RN, RM
Peter Thomas Sandy, RMN, BSc (Hons), PGCertED, PGDipED, MSc, PhD
Department of Health Studies, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa


The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact Homophobia has on HIV/AIDS management for LGBTI students in a South African Rural-Based University with the view of developing a LGBTI-friendly HIV/AIDS management model.


Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) methodology was used to conduct this study. Individual interviews  (n=12) and focus group interviews, (n=2 X 8)were used as data collection methods.  An open interview format was adopted with the use of two open-ended questions focusing on the experience of stigma, descrimination and utilisation of the available HIV programmes on campus.


Data were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis framework as outlined by Smith (2005). The results indicate that

  • Homophobia could increases the risk of HIV infection amongst LGBTI students.
  • University HIV/AIDS programmes do not embrace the LGBTI community.


For the country to reach the ‘Zero new HIV and TB infection, a level of Zero stigma and discrimination’ towards LGBTI students should be reached. Higher Education HIV/AIDS programmes (HEAIDS) should ensure that the institutions of higher education address homophobia toward LGBTIs and ensure that HIV/AIDS programmes on campus also caters for LGBTI students.