The purpose of this study is to understand the Traditional Chinese Medical body constitution (TCMBC) status and the related factor of coronary artery patients. On the expectation of achieving disease prevention through improving health condition and adjusting lifestyle by researching the difference and relevance of body constitution of Chinese medicine to identify personal health condition and further to serve as basis to improving health condition.
This is a cross-sectional correlation study with purposive sampling. Participants came from cardiovascular Intensive Care Unit (CCU) and general cardiovascular ward, in a medical center in central Taiwan, and was conducted with structured Body Constitution Questionnaire (BCQ) with 250 coronary artery patients. The BCQ has three parts, “yang-qi-Xu”, “ying-blood-Xu”, and “phlegm and stasis “, and the Cronbach's α is 0.85, 0.88, 0.88, respective. The data were analyzed by SPSS 22.0 Statistics Chinese Version, descriptive statistics described the distribution of all of the important variables, and chi-square, binary logistic regression formula (LR) performed univariate and multivariate analysis.
The study shows that the body constitution among coronary artery patients, 75.2% belong to the category of “yang-qi-Xu”; further examine with multivariate analysis and univariate analysis of variance indicate that: “Recurrence of coronary artery disease” is aggravating factor of yang-qi-Xu. “Kidney disease” is aggravating factor of ying-blood-Xu. “duty Shifting” and “Stress” are aggravating factor of phlegm and stasis. “No habit of exercise” is aggravating factor of yang-qi-Xu and phlegm and stasis. “Female” is aggravating factor of yang-qi-Xu, ying-blood-Xu and phlegm and stasis.
This study shows that coronary artery disease patients tend to have weak constitution, and the demography, lifestyle and disease factors will influence the physical performance. We recommendation that different body constitution could performed through diet, exercise guidance, daily living care and emotional care, to maintain the yin and yang balance of body, so that all parts of the body have encountered the normal operation.