Concept Analysis of Self-Efficacy

Thursday, 19 July 2018: 2:50 PM

Iman Hamdoon Al Hashmi, PhD
Maternal and Child Health, Sultan Qaboos Univeristy, Muscat, Oman
Esra Al-Khasawneh, DNSc, MSN, RN, FAAN
College of Nursing, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman

Background: According to Bandura, the sense of self-efficacy has a great impact on how people think, feel, behave and motivate themselves to accomplish certain behaviors (Maibach & Murphy, 1995). self-efficacy has been used widely in health research,however its implication in health promotion related interventions and practices is limited.

Purpose: Concepts analysis plays a significant role in knowledge and theory development of any science. This paper will demonstrate an in-depth analysis for the concept self-efficacy used in the health care. Also, determine its implications in health promotion interventions.

Methods: An in-depth review of the concept of self-efficacy using Wilson (1963) approach. Wilson’s approach utilizes the following steps: defining the concept, acknowledge its significance, explore concept attributes, identify surrogate terms, describe related concepts, identify the antecedents, explain concept consequences, discuss a model case of the concept, highlight empirical referent, explain its implications for nursing practice.

Results: Analysis of the concepts revealed that self-efficacy is a multifaceted concept, that is dynamic and can change based on previous experiences and the task its associate with. Literature suggest that self-efficacy is a strong predictor of behavior change that should have adequate attention on any health-promotion related interventions. Health promotion of healthy behaviors is the fundamental nursing role to improve the quality of health and to eliminate the burden of diseases experienced by under served populations. In nursing practice, self-efficacy can be used as a key to encourage patients for learning health promotion and disease prevention behaviors. Learning a new behavior is facilitated mostly by combination of different strategies such as observing a role model, practicing the skill till confidence gained and by getting positive feedback.

Conclusion: It was vibrant in this analysis how the self-efficacy is an imperative concept to acquire as it has significant influences on people’s thinking, feeling, motivation and performance. The future nursing researchers should be focused on examining efficacy of health education interventions that enhance perceived self-efficacy for the desired healthy behavior.