Formulation of Nursing Process Assessment Tool From Students' Perception as Outcome of Exploratory Mixed Methods

Friday, 20 July 2018

Jordan Tovera Salvador, PhD, MAN, RN, FISQUa, FRIN, FRIEdr, AREMT
Hasan Kamal Al-Omran, PhD, RN
Asmaa Abdulhamed Ashmauey, PhD, RN
Eman Rashad Mohammed, PhD, RN
Lamia Amen Awadh, PhD, RN
Ben Ryan Jucay Sauce, MN, RN, RM, EMT
Marc Oneel Castillo Alvarez, MSN, RN, RM
Ahrjhaynes Balanag Rosario, MAN, RN
May Ann Pacatang Schonewille, MSN, RN
Kowther Hassan AlElaiw, SN
Muktar Albuhumud, SN
Mohammed Alzaid, SN
College of Nursing, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia


The system of the nursing process starts with the nurse gathering and collating pertinent information about the patient by identifying all the health needs from general to specific. Afterward, the nurse develops a care plan for the patient that would answer and satisfy the identified needs through nursing interventions and implementation designed for certain purposes. All interventions would be evaluated for its efficacy and efficiency going back to the set plans and goals of the patient care. Clinical judgment is essential with nursing process to keep abreast with a balance epistemology to evidence based research and personal interpretation, thus, nurses’ critical thinking and problem solving skills are necessary in sorting out the health issues in formulating the course of actions in promoting, preventing, curing and rehabilitating the patients.

The objectives of the study will be as follows: (1) to explore and understand the students’ perspectives towards their experiences in implementing the nursing process into care plan for both theoretical and clinical setting; (2) to formulate and design a nursing process assessment tool that will gauge the level of knowledge, skills and attitude of the students in dealing with nursing process; and (3) generate an accurate and realistic statistics of the students’ achievement towards application of the nursing process. This would also figure-out the competency level of the students per phases in the process. And develop an action plan to mitigate the gaps of the teaching effectiveness of the nursing process that would benefit the students as well as the faculty members.


The study design will be utilizing the Exploratory Sequential Mixed Method, this two-phase approach that the outcomes of the initial approach (qualitative), which can support in advance or enlighten the second approach (quantitative). This is actually called the exploratory two-phase design. This sequential schema is grounded on the foundation that a learning discovery is indispensable for a solitary detail. Likewise, there is no guiding theory or existing framework, there are no variables determined in the past research and quantitative measures or instruments do not existing. Therefore, the study will be commencing with qualitative inquiry followed by establishment of a tool and proceed with quantitative approach.

The research setting of the study will be conducted in one of the government university in Saudi Arabia. Likewise, the research sample would be a total of thirty purposive sample (15 male and 15 female students) will be recruited of third and fourth year according to the inclusion criteria


Data gathering is on-going.


The aftermath of this nursing inquiry will give way in the creation of an assessment tool of nursing process to gauge the level of knowledge, skills and attitude of the selected nursing students: 15 students from the female section and another 15 students from male section to finally develop an action plan on how the students will master the nursing process, likewise, it would also be a way of modifying the teaching strategies’ and methodologies of the faculty members teaching this process.