Knowledge for STI/HIV and Risky Sexual Behaviors for HIV/AIDS

Sunday, 22 July 2018: 8:50 AM

Silvia Margarita Arellano-Porras, SN1
Liliana del Rocío Cerón Lara, SN1
Dulce María Tafolla-Sotelo, SN1
Lucía Caudillo-Ortega, DSN, LEO, MCE2
Luisa Flores-Arias, DSN1
(1)Departamento de Enfermería y Obstetricia sede Guanajuato, Universidad de Guanajuato, Guanajuato, Mexico
(2)School of Nursing, Universidad de Guanajuato, Universidad de Guanajuato, Guanajuato, Mexico


The objective was to know the correlation between knowledge for HIV/AIDS and risky sexual behavior in adolescents from 11 to 16 years old.


The design was descriptive, correlational and transversal.

Population, sample and sampling

The population was high school teens between 11 and 16 years of age, who were enrolled ad students at the Technical High School Number 34 located in Guanajuato city, in the center of Mexico. Sampling was random, stratified with allocation proportional to stratum size. To calculate the sample, the statistical package n’Query Advisor was used, with a significance level of .05, a Determination Coefficient of r2= 0.9 and a test power of 90% with a sample of 337 teenagers.


The reliability of the instruments was .441 for the knowledge scale and .978 for the sexual behavior scale. The Kolmogorov-Smirnoff test with Liliefors correction accepted the normality test. The Pearson correlation test showed that age (r = .268, p = .001), degree (r= .170, p = .001) and knowledge level (r= .118, p= .05) were positively and significantly related. According to the results obtained in the surveys, the male responds to 9 people who have had sexual intercourse, while in females 11 mentioned that yes, 95.2% said they have not had sexual relations, .5% Start their sex life at 12 years of age, 3.8% between 13 and 14 years and .6% from 15 to 16 years. The last time the students had sex, their partner was 12 years old at .3%, .8% 13 years old, 2.4% years old between 14 to 15 years old, and 1.1% aged 16 to 19 years old, which indicates that relationships are maintained sex with couples larger than themselves or of the same age.


Adolescents are a vulnerable group for sexual risk behaviors, knowledge according to some authors is a protective factor, and however in this study they are a risk factor because at a higher level of knowledge they present a higher proportion of risky sexual behaviors. This may be because the information is obtained from non-scientific means, likewise in the health programs and interventions, the level of education and training in adolescent sexual and reproductive health is not reached. It is important to consider this variable and make a true awareness of the population to avoid contagions and unintended pregnancies that imply a full biopsychosocial development.