Paper
Thursday, July 22, 2004
This presentation is part of : Quality of Life of Nurses
Factors Influencing Work Participation of Staff Nurses
Nanya Moolprahas, MS, RN, Police General Hospital, Patumwan, Bangkok, Thailand and Areewan Oumtanee, RN, PhD, School of Nursing, Chulalongkorn University, Pratumwan, Bangkok, Thailand.
Learning Objective #1: Examine relationships between selective factors and work participation of staff nurses
Learning Objective #2: Explore predictors of work participation of staff nurses

The purposes of the research were to study work attitude, internal locus of control, organizational climate, and work participation of staff nurses; and to explore relationships and predictors of work participation of staff nurses. Research subjects consisted of 372 staff nurses at hospitals under the jurisdiction of Ministry of Defense, selected by multi-stage sampling. Work attitude (Traindis, 1971), locus of internal control (Rotter, 1966 & Strickland, 1977), organizational climate (Stringer, 2002), and work participation (Newstrom & Keith, 1997) were used as a conceptual framework and developed study questionnaires. All questionnaires were tested for content validity and reliability with alpha of .83, .83, .93, and .94 respectively. The data were analyzed by percentage, mean, standard deviation, Pearson’s product moment correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression analysis. The major findings were as follows: 1. There were a high level of work attitude, internal locus of control, organizational climate, and work participation of staff nurses. ( Mean = 4.40, 4.30, 3.92, and 4.21 respectively) 2. Work attitude, locus of control, and organizational climate were positively and significantly related to work participation of staff nurses at .05 level (r = .532, .572, and .709 respectively, p < .05) 3. Factors significantly predicted work participation of staff nurse were organizational climate, locus of control, and work attitude at .05 level. These predictors were accounted for 58.1 percents of variance. The study equation was as follow: ¸ Z (Work participation) = .523 Z (Organizational climate) + .214 Z (Locus of control) + .164 Z (Work attitude )

The findings indicated that nursing administrators should create good organizational climate , develop a high level of internal locus of control and work attitude of staff nurses in order to increase higher level of work participation.

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