Thursday, July 22, 2004
9:30 AM - 10:00 AM
Thursday, July 22, 2004
2:30 PM - 3:00 PM
This presentation is part of : Posters I
Nursing Faculty Perceptions of Clinical Teaching Behaviors in Japan
Toshiko Nakayama, RN, DNSc1, Kumiko Hongo, RN, MNs2, Tomomi Kameoka, RN, DNSc1, Naomi Funashima, RN, DNSc3, and Midori Sugimori, RN, BLL4. (1) National College of Nursing Japan, Kiyose, Tokyo, Japan, (2) Research Student, School of Nursing, Chiba University, Chiba, Chiba, Japan, (3) School of Nursing, Chiba University, Chiba, Chiba, Japan, (4) Gunma Prefectural College of Health Science, Maebashi, Gunma, Japan

Objective: To explore the perceptions of clinical teaching behaviors of nursing faculty in Japan. Methods: 729 nursing faculty belonging to baccalaureate, associate degree, and diploma programs in Japan were asked to answer the following two instruments. The Scale of Clinical Teaching Behaviors (SCTB) (Funashima, 2002), which was developed based on a qualitative research on faculty's behaviors observed in clinical settings, was used to measure perceptions of their clinical teaching behaviors. It had 36 items, 5-point Likert-type scale (from 1 "never perform" to 5 "always perform"), then the possible score range was from 36.0 to 180.0. The items were grouped into nine subscales, each had 4 items, then the possible score range was from 4.0 to 16.0. The scale had well-established internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha=.96), and construct validity was established by factor analysis. The Faculty's Attributes Questionnaire (FAQ) was used to collect the demographic data of faculty. Content validity was established by five content experts and a pilot study. The data were analyzed statistically. Findings: The mean score of SCTB was 134.8(SD=21.5). The mean scores of the each subscale were as follows; "Accept students' emotion" (mean=16.36, SD=3.10), "Ask nursing staffs with concern to support students"(mean=15.86, SD=3.65), "Adjust teaching plan to fluxion of clinical setting"(mean=15.26, SD=3.91), "Assure the quality care to assigned patients of students"(mean=15.11, SD=4.26), "Decide appropriate time and place to teach students individually"(mean=15.03, SD=3.53), "Suggest students to prevent or to solve problems"(mean=14.99, SD=3.43), "Give feedback to students"(mean=14.27, SD=3.85), "Use various teaching skills freely"(mean=14.21, SD=3.74), "Self-evaluate teaching behaviors based on students' performance"(mean=13.74, SD=3.78). Implications: The results suggested that nursing faculty perceived they had to improve their teaching skills, and to promote evaluation of their teaching behaviors, though their clinical teaching behaviors were fairly well. Further research is required to search factors related to the perceptions of clinical teaching behaviors of faculty.

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Back to 15th International Nursing Research Congress
Sigma Theta Tau International
July 22-24, 2004