Friday, July 23, 2004
Role Model Behaviors of Nurses Perceived by Nursing Students
Kumiko Hongo, RN, MNs, Research Student, School of Nursing, Chiba University, Chibashi, Chiba, Japan, Keiko Nakaya, RN, MNs, Junior College of Nursing and Medical Technology at Tokai University, Hiratsukashi, Kanagawa-pref, Japan, Yasuhiro Matsuda, RN, DNSc, Seibo Junior College of Nursing, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan, Tomomi Kameoka, RN, DNSc, Nursing Education, National College of Nursing Japan, Kiyose, Tokyo, Japan, Naomi Funashima, RN, DNSc, School of Nursing, Chiba University, Chibashi, Chiba, Japan, and Midori Sugimori, RN, BLL, Gunma Prefectural College of Health Science, Gunma Prefectural College of Health Science, Maebashi, Gunma, Japan.
|Learning Objective #1: Understand the categories of nurses' role model behaviors that nursing students perceived in clinical setting|
|Learning Objective #2: Understand the behaviors of nurses that encourage nursing students to develop their nursing professional attitudes and behaviors|
Objective: To describe the role model behaviors of nurses perceived by nursing students. Design: Descriptive and qualitative design. Methods: A total of 1434 questionnaires were sent to nursing students at baccalaureate, associate degree, and diploma programs in Japan. The questionnaire had two items. The first question asked the students, "Have you met a nurse whom you perceived as an ideal nurse?" The second one asked the students who answered "yes", to describe the behaviors of the ideal nurse in detail. The answers to the second question were analyzed by Berelson's(1952)content analysis. Findings: 670 students (46.7%) out of 1434 returned the questionnaires, and 378 of them had met a nurse whom they perceived as an ideal nurse at their program, and described the behaviors of the ideal nurse. The 378 students' descriptions were analyzed by content analysis, as the result, grouped into 28 categories, such as a) interacting with everyone in sincere manner, b) acting as nursing professional with belief c) providing nursing care to patients with respect, d) controlling emotion to carry out patient care, e) performing nursing care based on professional knowledge and skills, f) doing patient centered care under managing various roles. These 28 categories showed the role model behaviors of nurses perceived by nursing students. Scott's pi (ƒÎ) was 79.3% and 70.9% for two independent analysts, and these showed that the reliability of content analysis of the study was well-established. Conclusions & Implications: The findings suggest that nursing students are astute in their observations of nurses, and find role model behaviors in many aspects of activities as a nursing profession. Development of a self-evaluation scale based on the findings of this study will help each nurse to improve one's professional behaviors in order to be a role model for nursing students.
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Sigma Theta Tau International
July 22-24, 2004