Thursday, July 22, 2004
9:30 AM - 10:00 AM
Thursday, July 22, 2004
2:30 PM - 3:00 PM
This presentation is part of : Posters I
Workplace Violence
Debra Gay Anderson, RNC, PhD and Susan Westneat, MA. College of Nursing, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA
Learning Objective #1: n/a
Learning Objective #2: n/a

Purpose/Background: The purpose of this study is to investigate the incidence and distribution of workplace violence among long-haul truck drivers in the U.S. Overall, an average of 20 workers are murdered each week in the U.S.; an estimated 18,000 workers per week are victims of non-fatal assault; and, homicide is the leading cause of death among U.S. women in the workplace.

Specific Aims: The specific aims are to: (1) identify the types of violence experienced by long-haul truck drivers; (2) identify risk factors that contribute to the violence; (3) differentiate the risks of work-related stress among distinct socio-demographic groups of truckers; (4) determine the prevalence of domestic violence experienced by long-haul truck drivers; and (5) identify work environment factors that place truck drivers’ at risk.

Sample: A cross-sectional quantitative survey will be conducted with a non-probability sample (N = 1400) recruited at truck shows and truck stops across the U.S.

Data Collection: Data will be collected on violence-related variables (e.g. harassment, weapons, assault, rape, robbery, worksite security, fatigue, psychological strain, and substance abuse). Qualitative data on violence at the worksite will be collected via phone interviews (30 female and 30 male participants).

Data Analysis: Dependent on the specific aim, bivariate relationships, logistic regression, discriminant analysis, Cronbach’s alpha, and ANCOVA will be used. Constant-comparative methods and content analysis matrices will be used to describe, analyze, and interpret the qualitative data.

Preliminary Findings: Thus far, 291 males and 74 females have completed surveys. Women were more likely to drive with a partner, were more likely to fear personal safety at work, and were more likely to be sexually assaulted than were their male counterparts. Differences between female and male drivers have not been noted in their experiences of road rage, threats of violence while driving, harassment, robbery and physical assault.

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Sigma Theta Tau International
July 22-24, 2004