Paper
Thursday, July 22, 2004
9:30 AM - 10:00 AM
Thursday, July 22, 2004
2:30 PM - 3:00 PM
This presentation is part of : Posters I
Hepatitis B and Influenza Immunization Patterns Among Registered Nurses
Melanie McEwen, RN, PhD and Elizabeth Farren, RN, PhD. Louise Herrington School of Nursing, Baylor University, Dallas, TX, USA
Learning Objective #1: n/a
Learning Objective #2: n/a

Objective: Since the early 1980s, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has recommended that all health care workers (HCWs) be immunized against hepatitis B. Similarly, the CDC has recommended yearly vaccination against influenza for most HCWs. Despite these recommendations, studies indicate that roughly half are not immunized. This project was undertaken to analyze beliefs and actions of Registered Nurses (RNs) related to immunization recommendations. The findings provide information on respondentsí perceptions of the value of immunization, and quantify and interpret related concerns.

Methodology: The survey questionnaire was based on concepts from the Health Belief Model. It was designed to elicit information on vaccination history (both hepatitis B and influenza), rationale for receiving or not receiving vaccination, and possible side effects respondents attribute to vaccinations. Demographic information was gathered for comparative analyses. In mid November, 2003, survey packets were mailed to 1000 RNs randomly selected from a master list provided by the Texas Board of Nurse Examiners. Each packet included a cover letter explaining the study and serving to provide informed consent, a questionnaire, and a SASE for return of the survey.

Findings: As of mid December, some 300 forms had been returned and data were being coded for analysis. Among the analyses to be conducted are: frequencies for all responses; ANOVAs to assess correlations between demographic data and responses; and stepwise logistic regression to identify which variables are independently associated with receipt of the vaccine.

Conclusions and Implications: A better understanding of RNs beliefs and actions will assist both institutional and governmental policy makers in development of policies related to HCW immunization. It will also provide important information to assist in development of methods and programs to improve vaccination rates. Finally, it may contribute new data regarding long-term side effects associated with vaccines.

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Back to 15th International Nursing Research Congress
Sigma Theta Tau International
July 22-24, 2004