Poster Presentation

Monday, November 5, 2007
10:30 AM - 11:45 AM

Monday, November 5, 2007
1:45 PM - 3:00 PM
This presentation is part of : Rising Stars Posters
Consumer health information retrieval on the Internet in older adults
Adeline Yee-Mei Chu, RN, MEd and Beth Mastel-Smith, PhD, RN. College of Nursing, Texas Woman's University, Houston, TX, USA
Learning Objective #1: recognize the role of consumer health information in promoting positive beliefs, attitudes and lifestyles of older adults.
Learning Objective #2: design appropriate intervention for health communication to narrow the gap of digital divide in older adults.


To test a causal model that hypothesizes a structured computer training that incorporates Bandura’s major components of self- efficacy expectations that will positively influence computer confidence, lower computer anxiety and increase computer self-efficacy towards computer and Internet use among community-dwelling older adults, ages 65 and above (N= 12).



To examine effectiveness of a training program and changes of psychosocial outcomes as measured by the computer confidence subscale and the computer anxiety subscale of the computer attitude scale (CAS), and the computer self-efficacy measure (SEM) over three time intervals: baseline, completion of training and 6 weeks after completion of training.



Psychosocial benefits of computer training have been examined. The role of computer anxiety, computer confidence and computer self-efficacy on Internet health information retrieval and evaluation with computer training has yet to be determined.



Randomized, controlled, 2-groups, pre-post, repeated measure design. Participants in the study group were given a 2-hour computer session, once a week for 5 weeks. Control group received no training. The computer confidence and computer anxiety subscale of the CAS and the computer self-efficacy measure (SEM) were administered to both groups and data analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA.



Significant findings were noted within groups at baseline and at completion of training session, anxiety (p = 0.003), confidence (p = .02) and self-efficacy (p = .01). Although no statistical differences were observed at the end of training and at 6 weeks after completion of training, significant differences were seen across the three time intervals for computer anxiety (p = .02) and computer self-efficacy (p = .001). No statistical significance was noted in-between groups.


Significance to nursing:

With the rising numbers of older Americans using computers and the Internet in recent years, nurses have the capability to deliver effective and efficient health education to the community.