Nurses' Knowledge and Practices Regarding The Control Of Infection In Neutropenic Patient

Monday, 18 November 2013: 3:15 PM

Fatoş Korkmaz, Phd, RN
Nursing Faculty, Fundamentals of Nursing Department, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
Gul Hatice Tarakcioglu, RN
Hacettepe University Oncology Hospital, ,Ankara, Turkey

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to understand the importance of care of the patients with neutropenia.

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to discuss the best nursing practices regarding the control of infection in neutropenic patient.

Aim: With this study it is aimed to determine the nurses' knowledge and practices regarding the control of infection in neutropenic patients.

Background: The care of patients with neutopenia is very critical for health care professionals, especially for oncology nurses who play a vital role in patient recovery. With effective nursing care, patients can come through the process with less risk of complications.

Method: The sample consisted of 51 staff nurses who worked at one of the oncology hospitals in Ankara / Turkey. Data were collected by a form which is prepared by the researchers. The first part of the form includes social demographic characteristics, the second part includes 30 statements related to neutropenia and the third part includes 21 nursing interventions. First, nurses were asked to answer the first and second parts of the form, then, each of them were observed three times by the researcher throughout their working shifts. Pearson Correlation analysis, independent samples t-test, number and percentage were used for analysis of data.

Results: According to the results, only 31.4% nurses knew the definition of neutropenia. The rates of their hand hygiene habits were found to be low during the preparation of medications and assessment of vital signs. Almost all of the nurses disrupted the sterility in the preparation of parenteral medications.

Conclusion: The results of the study showed that both nurses’ knowledge and the practices regarding the control of infection in neutropenic patient are not sufficient.