Factors predicting excellent job satisfaction of Finnish nursing staff

Sunday, 17 November 2013: 11:40 AM

Tarja Kvist, PhD, RN
Raija Mäntynen, PhD
Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen, PhD, RN, RM
Department of Nursing Science, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland

Learning Objective 1: The learner will be able to know the factors which predict the excellent job satisfaction of Finnish nursing staff.

Learning Objective 2: The learner will be able to know the use of one job satisfaction instrument in quality outcome measurement.


Job satisfaction of staff is an essential outcome variable in research describing the work environment of healthy hospitals, and an important success factor and quality outcome of Magnet hospitals. Our earlier study (Kvist et al. 2012) indicated some excellence of job satisfaction of nursing staff.


Purpose of this study is describe which background factors predict the excellent job satisfaction of nursing staff.


Data were collected from 1201 nursing staff members from three central hospitals using the web-based Kuopio University Job Satisfaction Scale survey instrument in autumn 2010. The data were analysed using SPSS 19.0 for Windows. Frequency and percentage distributions and mean values were used to describe the data. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyse the factors predicting excellent job satisfaction.


Most respondents were women (88%). They were working as nurse leaders (9%), registered nurses (70%), physiotherapists (8%), practical nurses (11%) and others (2%). Job satisfaction ranged from 1 (poor) to 5 (best) and the level of excellence was set on 4. 34% of nursing staff evaluated their job satisfaction excellent (Mean: 4.00-5.00) and 66% worse than excellent (Mean: 1.00-3.99). The higher work position (nurse leaders), higher quality of work, advanced age, and shorter work experience in current unit were significant predictors of excellent job satisfaction.


The factors predicting excellent job satisfaction offer important information for developing hospital work environments. Quality of work is essential for assuring job satisfaction. Hospitals are complex, continuously changing work environments. Hospital managers should continuously evaluate job satisfaction and quickly react to gained results.


Kvist T, Mäntynen R, Turunen H, Partanen P, Miettinen M, Wolf GA & Vehviläinen-Julkunen K. 2012. How Magnetic Are Finnish Hospitals Measured by Transformational Leadership and Empirical Quality Outcomes? Journal of Nursing Management. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2834.2012.01456.2012.


Job satisfaction, Nursing staff, Web-based survey, Hospital, Quality Outcome