Improving the shortage of Nursing and Allied Health Faculty: A Regional Plan

Tuesday, 19 November 2013: 10:40 AM

Wanda Lawrence, PhD, RN, MSN
The School of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, Winston-Salem State University, Winston-Salem, NC

Learning Objective 1: Discuss the consequences of shortage of allied health and nursing faculty.

Learning Objective 2: Share thoughts of shortages in health care in their regions

The United States is in the midst of a nursing and allied health shortage that is expected to intensify as baby boomers age and the need for healthcare grows. Compounding the problem is the fact that nursing in colleges and universities across the country are struggling to expand enrollment levels to meet the rising demand for health care. One region in one of the southern states is not exempt as it is experiencing a shortage of faculty. Unless we increase the number of faculty, we will continue to have a shortage in the workforce.  A workforce research project was conducted to  address issues of nursing and allied health faculty shortage using a regional comprehensive approach. A mixed-method research design was employed in this project. Thirty nursing and allied health faculty from nine institutions participated in Five focus groups.  Focus groups targeted reasons faculty continue to teach and changes that need to occur to entice them to remain in academia. In addition,  an online survey focusing on recruitment and retention was distributed to all educators of nursing and allied health in that region with 171 faculty responding.  As a result of the findings, a coalition of nursing and allied health faculty employed in universities and colleges was established and met to review data from the focus groups and the surveys. Strategies to recruit new nursing and allied health faculty in the region were developed using the research data.   This presentation will focus on the findings and recommendations of the study.