Translating Interprofessional Collaboration Into Practice Using an Inquiry-Base Approach

Monday, 18 November 2013: 2:25 PM

Gabriella Malagon-Maldonado, DNP, MSN, CNS
Nursing Administration, Sharp Mary Birch Hospital for Women and Newborns, San Diego, CA

Learning Objective 1: State three different sources of knowledge used in an inquiry-base approach research study.

Learning Objective 2: Describe how this approach is important in translating interprofessional collaboration into practice and facilitate an overall understanding of nursing practice.

It is essential that interprofessional collaboration be well understood in a context by which health care providers know they are collaborating to successfully deliver quality patient care.  This is especially true for nurses who are at the center of this care coordination necessary for safe and effective care.  The purpose of this study was to assess the intensity of interprofessional collaboration using the Interprofessional Collaboration Questionnaire; to understand health care providers’ experiences with effective interprofessional collaboration by exploring how it is lived in practice through interviews; and to identify the gaps in the literature on interprofessional collaboration practices and the research findings.  This study used an inquiry-based approach to facilitate knowledge translation to understand interprofessional collaboration.  The approach used epistemological sources of knowledge, ontological sources of knowledge, and ethical sources of knowledge, identifying how they are delicately intertwined in every nursing action.  This mixed methods research study included questionnaires completed by healthcare professionals providing quantitative information about beliefs related to interprofessional collaboration.  Using interpretive phenomenology as the qualitative methods design, interviews further explored health care providers’ experiences with interprofessional collaboration. The current knowledge about collaboration in the LTACH was compared to the existing literature on interprofessional collaboration.  From the questionnaire, higher levels of interprofessional collaboration were reported among RNs than other providers (p=0.012).  The narratives provided further insight where nurses emphasized the importance of clinical knowledge that encompasses knowing the patient, one’s own role, and the role of others in collaboration. Nonetheless, doing what is best for patients and achieving optimal outcomes resonated in the narratives of all health care providers. What is experienced by professionals involved in collaborative practice in this study and what is conceptualized to be the influences of interprofessional collaboration in the literature, vary.  Using an inquiry-based approach facilitates the translation of interprofessional collaboration into practice.