Monday, 9 November 2015: 10:00 AM
Due to the academic difficulty of baccalaureate nursing programs, attrition and individual success of students passing the NCLEX-RN Licensure exam is of great concern. The UAMS College of Nursing has implemented standardized exams and an individualized remediation program to aid those students who are at risk during the nursing program. However, there is a gap of knowledge as to what exactly are the academic and social risk factors that affect a student’s academic performance during the nursing program. The purpose of this study was to determine academic and social risk factors related to nursing student attrition in order to develop academic and social interventions that will increase student retention and decrease student attrition during the first year of the BSN program. Once academic and social risk factors are identified, faculty can identify and implement strategies to promote academic success and student retention; and improve probabilities for the student to pass the NCLEX-RN Exam on the first attempt. This quantitative, descriptive pretest/posttests pilot study used the College Persistence Questionnaire (CPQ) to help identify factors that influence academic and social risk for students in the UAMS College of Nursing baccalaureate program. The students received a pre and post questionnaire at two time points during their first year of the BSN program. The questionnaire data provided information that can be used to 1) compare the results of this study with the results of other schools who have utilized the CPQ and 2) compare students who receive interventions and those who did not to the results of the CPQ, and 3) look for trends in improvement of outcomes. Student retention was measured by data obtained from the CPQ and the associated risk factors that are identified, as well as pre-program testing scores, course exams scores, and standardized testing scores during the first year of the program and individual remediation that takes place with students who are at risk for academic and social issues. Results indicate that the use of the CPQ questionnaire is helpful to determine academic and social risk factors that impact student outcomes and attrition in the BSN program.