A correlational descriptive research design was used and 80 caregivers completed the questionnaires in a neurological unit of a medical center located in Southern Taiwan. Instruments included the Karnofsky Performance Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scales, and Supportive Care Needs Survey-Partners & Caregivers 45 (SCNS–P&C 45). Data were collected from March 2013 to May 2014.
The results showed that two subscales of the SCNS–P&C 45, Information Needs and Health Care Service Needs, received the highest scores among the SCNS–P & C 45. Pearson correlation analyses showed that higher anxiety (r = .37, p < .01) and higher depression (r = .31, p < .05) were correlated with greater level of care needs. The multiple linear regression analysis revealed that anxiety was the only significant predictor of care needs in primary caregivers of patients with brain tumor (R2 = 12.8%).
This study findings support that the primary caregivers of patients with brain tumor experience great level of care needs, especially for the information needs and healthcare service needs. Therefore, healthcare providers should always evaluate the caregivers’ care needs and emotional states, so that appropriate and adequate medical information and services could be provided on time, and in turn avoid any events that will cause or exacerbate their anxiety and depression states. This study can provide references for healthcare providers to future researches, clinical care, and nursing education regarding this important issue.