Factors Influencing Professional Behavior of Staff Nurses

Monday, 9 November 2015

Sopida Lorjai, BSN, RN
Medical, Thai Royal Navy hospital, Nontaburi Thailand, Thailand
Areewan Oumtanee, RN, PhD
Faculty of Nursing, Chulalongkorn University, Pathumwan, Bangkok, Thailand
Duanphen Konlakit, MSN, RN
ENT, siriraj hospital, BKK, Thailand

The purpose of this research is to analyze selected factors affecting professional behavior.  The selected factors composed of  psychological empowerment, Achievement Motive and personal factor including age and marital status.  A sample of 386 staff nurses at working in government university hospitals, Thailand with 1 year working experience were selected by using multi-stage sampling. Psychological empowerment of Spreitzer,  Achievement Motive of McClelland were used as a conceptual framework and developed study questionnaires. Those  questionnaire were tested for content validity and reliability with alpha of .90 , .92, .96, and .96 respectively.  Results from statistic analysis revealed the followings:
  1. Model 1:  The variables that explain professional behavior are psychological empowerment and Achievement Motive .  There are  accounted for 57.1% of the variance.
  2. Model 2: The variable that explain Achievement Motive is education of bachelor degree.  It is  accounted for 2.4% of the variance.
  3. Model 3 : The variables  that explain  psychological empowerment are education of Master degree and age. They are accounted for 9.8% of  the variance
  4.   According to path analysis, professional behavior is affected by psychological empowerment (direct effects ), Achievement Motive (direct effect)   and age and education ( indirect effects).